OVERVIEW Everyone has a personal philosophy of education. A personal philosophy

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Everyone has a personal philosophy of education. A personal philosophy of education guides
approaches to a variety of personal and professional settings. Having explored other educational
philosophies, you will now have the opportunity to articulate your own Personal Philosophy of
Education. This will help you hone your beliefs and values specifically related to Philosophy of
Schools and Learning, Instructional Practice, Teacher-Learner Relationship, Diversity, and
perhaps other areas.
This paper is a statement of your personal philosophy of education, which should focus on the
purpose of education, which is why education is carried out and not so much how it is carried
out. Your purpose of education is to emphasize the long-range impact you believe education
should have on individuals and society—the outcome of education. As you convey your
philosophy, you are to focus on its outcome rather than on the methods, practices, instruction, or
classroom activities. Those are tools of carrying out your philosophy; therefore, a simple
discussion of teaching strategies does not make up your philosophy of education.
As an academic paper, it is to be supported by the body of knowledge in the field, which is to
include citations and references to the literature from educational philosophy, psychology,
curriculum, and learning theory. Treat this as a position statement, a persuasive paper. Make
declarative statements of “ought” and “should.”
The Personal Philosophy of Education Paper you write has the following requirements:
 Write a 4-5-page paper that conveys what is meant by your personal philosophy of
 Page length requirements begin with the introductory paragraph and end with the
conclusion; it includes neither the title page nor reference page in the page count however
both a title and reference page should be included as part of the paper submission.
 Cite a minimum of five scholarly references that represent the body of literature
supporting and explaining your personal philosophy of education. Each section other than
the introduction and conclusion should include a minimum of 1-2 citations as appropriate
to show alignment with the professional literature in the field.
 Use few direct quotes in the paper; instead, do more summarizing and paraphrasing than
quoting. Citations are required both for direct quotes and for summarized ideas drawn
from references.
The format of the paper is to include the sections below with headings that follow current APA
format. Following the Title Page:
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Start with an introduction paragraph. The focus of the paragraph is to introduce the reader to the
thesis statement which should be the last sentence of the introductory paragraph. Following this
introduction, the remainder of the paper should support and illustrate the main point(s) of the
thesis statement.
Philosophy of Schools and Learning
This section should flow smoothly from the previous one and should continue to focus on the
“why” of education—the long-range impact you believe schools and learning should have on
individuals and society. Save the “how” of education for the next section.
 This is the core part of the paper where you expound more specifically on your thesis
 State what you believe. Don’t feel obligated to embrace a particularly established
philosophy. However, you are to situate your beliefs among others by citing ideas that
illustrate yours or are in opposition to yours.
 Refer to the knowledge base in teacher education that includes educational psychology,
philosophy, and learning theory. Don’t try to cover everything; just identify one or two
key theories that might illustrate your own beliefs about the purpose of schools and
 Be cautious about assigning to yourself a label that you do not fully understand. If you
don’t understand all that the label entails, you could unknowingly convey inconsistent
ideas throughout your paper.

Instructional Practice
This section should flow smoothly from the previous one. Within this section, discuss how
learners come to know the truth. What causes learning to occur? (Epistemology)
 Address what you will implement in the classroom, which is the “how” part of education.
 What pedagogical practices, instructional strategies, or methods will you tend to use most
frequently? Why?
 What do you hope to accomplish by using these strategies?
 Now would be a good time to go back to the introduction and ask yourself, “Did I address
instructional practice in the introduction instead of the purpose/impact of education?” If
you did, revise the introduction so that it addresses the purpose of education. Come back
to this section to focus on the process of instruction.
Teacher-Learner Relationship
(Remember that the questions listed in this guide are only to stimulate thought. You are not
required to answer them systematically. Doing so might make your paper too rigid.)
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 What is the role of the learner?
 What is the role of the teacher?
 How should they relate to each other and why?
 What diversity factors need to be taken into account by the teacher?
 How do factors of student diversity impact instruction?
 How does your philosophy impact your response to diversity?
Your Choice of Headings (Optional)
You may insert optional headings here to address issues that are important to your philosophy of
education. Here are some ideas you might want to consider:
o My calling
o Classroom management philosophy
o Content/subject-area philosophy
o Assessment philosophy
o Parent role and relationship with the teacher
o Current critical issues in education
An effective conclusion affirms the thesis statement and leaves the reader with a clear idea of
how thoughts in the paper fit together to make a specific point. This section should only be one
paragraph in length.
 Your conclusion should tie in with the introduction so that your paper displays coherence.
 Both the introduction and conclusion should focus on the thesis of the paper, which is to
address the purpose/outcome/impact of education (not the process of instruction).
All sources listed on the reference page should be only those cited in the paper. There should be
a minimum of five sources listed from scholarly sources using current APA formatting
Additional important information:
Plagiarized papers and even self-plagiarized papers will be rejected. Every paper will be
evaluated for originality through Turnitin, which reports to the professor the degree to which
your paper is suspected of plagiarism. To avoid plagiarism: use few direct quotes and make them
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short and ensure you cite them properly according to current APA; if an idea or fact is not your
own, you must cite its source; when not directly quoting, summarize or analyze ideas in your
own words and include a citation; and finally, the personal philosophy of education paper you
write should be your own, first time work.
Your paper is to be free of errors in spelling, grammar, or punctuation. Your writing style should
display exceptional composition with all of the following elements: coherent, cohesive, effective
sentence/paragraph structures, logical progression, and transitions. Ensure your writing format
follows current APA conventions.

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