Scientists have isolated genes that cause particular diseases and modified genes that alter organisms for particular reasons (for example, to help beneficial plants and animals to survive under harsh conditions). Make an argument as to why businesses that develop modified organisms should be able to preserve their property rights by patenting such organisms. Then, make a counterargument as to why such organisms should not be patentable.
Research the issue online to develop supporting facts and arguments for each position. If you begin with a Google search of “patenting organisms,” you will find several articles from institutions of higher education and government organizations that will present a good overview and various perspectives on the issue. Look for URLs ending in “.edu” and “.gov.” Helpful resources specifically for why organisms should not be patentable include Web sites for advocacy groups such as Greenpeace (https://www.greenpeace.org/global/) and the Council for Responsible Genetics (http://www.councilforresponsiblegenetics.org/). You will also want to read the United States Supreme Court decision of Diamond v. Chakrabarty. Be sure to cite your sources.
• Prepare an essay with an introduction, main body, and conclusion of at least 1,500 words citing information supporting the paper’s position arguments and facts.
• The paper should be in 12-point font, Times New Roman.
• Include bold headers before paragraphs that introduce new topics.
• Include a list of any outside sources used in APA format.
• Please use credible sources, and do not use Wikipedia or Blogs as sources.
• Look for URLs ending in “.edu” and “.gov.”
• The uploaded textbook, Chapters eight and nine of The Legal and Ethical Environment of Business (Lau and Johnson), can pave the ground for legal terminology and a general understanding of the subject. Please feel free to use it as one of the credible sources, and for additional information, please do further research.