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If you begin with a google search of “patenting organisms,” you will find several articles from institutions of higher education and government organizations that will present a good overview and various perspectives on the issue.

Assignment Questions:
Scientists have isolated genes that cause particular diseases and modified genes that alter organisms for particular reasons (for example, to help beneficial plants and animals to survive under harsh conditions). Make an argument as to why businesses that develop modified organisms should be able to preserve their property rights by patenting such organisms. Then, make a counterargument as to why such organisms should not be patentable.
Research the issue online to develop supporting facts and arguments for each position. If you begin with a Google search of “patenting organisms,” you will find several articles from institutions of higher education and government organizations that will present a good overview and various perspectives on the issue. Look for URLs ending in “.edu” and “.gov.” Helpful resources specifically for why organisms should not be patentable include Web sites for advocacy groups such as Greenpeace (https://www.greenpeace.org/global/) and the Council for Responsible Genetics (http://www.councilforresponsiblegenetics.org/). You will also want to read the United States Supreme Court decision of Diamond v. Chakrabarty. Be sure to cite your sources.
Paper Requirement:
• Prepare an essay with an introduction, main body, and conclusion of at least 1,500 words citing information supporting the paper’s position arguments and facts.
• The paper should be in 12-point font, Times New Roman.
• Include bold headers before paragraphs that introduce new topics.
• Include a list of any outside sources used in APA format.
• Please use credible sources, and do not use Wikipedia or Blogs as sources.
• Look for URLs ending in “.edu” and “.gov.”
• The uploaded textbook, Chapters eight and nine of The Legal and Ethical Environment of Business (Lau and Johnson), can pave the ground for legal terminology and a general understanding of the subject. Please feel free to use it as one of the credible sources, and for additional information, please do further research.

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And if so, how should it be clarified?

Choose ONE of the following questions.
1. In all the cases in which it has arisen, how well has the International Court of Justice
dealt with the issue of self-determination? In your view, what should the Court have
said in the Kosovo Advisory Opinion?
2. In a recent article in the Guardian,
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2022/aug/01/the-big-idea-do-nations-reallyneed-borders, James Crawford (not the late James Crawford, ICJ judge), argued that
international borders may no longer be necessary or appropriate. From an
international law perspective, do you think this is feasible or desirable?
4. In international discourse, and especially in the jurisprudence of the International Court
of Justice, the distinction between obligations erga omnes and obligations erga omnes
partes has been blurred, to put it mildly. Do you agree? Should there be a distinction,
and if so, how should it be clarified?

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*ama (american medical association) citations are required.

See attachment with specific details and instructions. Please note that well-informed, well-thought out, relevant and timely arguments must be identified and described. Feel free to ask questions. Thank you. *AMA (American Medical Association) citations are required.

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(remember to sanitize names in order to maintain confidentiality of persons involved.)

Access the following links related to IDEA:

About IDEA


https://sites.ed.gov/idea/idea-news-and-updates/#2019
Read and present overview of IDEA purpose, IDEA history, Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (504), and American with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Title II).
Read the “News and Updates” from 2019 and 2020 and discuss what you believe are the three most important topics for educators and why. Give examples where these items have impacted educational practices personally. (Remember to sanitize names in order to maintain confidentiality of persons involved.)

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Furthermore, each state’s employment laws would need to be evaluated as to whether or not an individual having hiv/aids, even if not a qualifying handicap, poses any risk to the public and therefore could or could not be used as the only reason for dismissal.

Citations must be perfect with punctuation and spelling as well as grammar.
The court’s decision was accurate as protected classes of people must be protected unless the employer can present clear reasons as to why accommodations cannot be made for the individual. Tuberculosis is absolutely a serious disease that must be monitored, but the school board laid out no attempt at a strategy for how they could mitigate the risk, choosing rather to simply make a judgment that they refused to reconsider. It is not the employee’s job to advocate for and create accommodations but rather on the employer to identify an option. Let’s draw this question to a wider scope. Who is to determine what should be considered a contagious disease? Could someone not determine that a pregnant individual, while not directly contagious, presents a scenario that is not wanted in the workplace? Some might say that comparison is farfetched, but let’s push forward with it first before we determine that. If that is considered the case, pregnancy could have an impact on the workflow of the company and as such, any individual that could potentially be pregnant should not continue to be employed by the company. That would be a direct violation of the same laws at question in the above court case. While the pregnancy disability act does speak directly to pregnancy, it also provides a blueprint for which other medical scenarios and disabilities come into play in creating accommodations (Ziegler, 2019). In reference to HIV/AIDS, each individual may need to be evaluated separately to determine if they qualify as a handicapped individual. If they do, then they absolutely should have this protection. Furthermore, each state’s employment laws would need to be evaluated as to whether or not an individual having HIV/AIDS, even if not a qualifying handicap, poses any risk to the public and therefore could or could not be used as the only reason for dismissal. So no, this researcher does not think that changing the condition to HIV/AIDS should make a difference in the judgement.
To the second question, this should have been analyzed by the school board in an attempt to create accommodations from the get go, therefore, yes, this researcher believes that if an alternate position exists, then the teacher should be offered that opportunity. Myth and misconception are an active part of society and fiction novels, in fact, one might say that is the point where the two worlds collide. The issue becomes how to educate and whether an individual will change their opinion when a myth is treated as fact. This researcher believes the court did protect the employee and the public in this case as in protecting a protected class, they are protecting the rights of each and every citizen. It is not the court’s obligation to educate the public, but in consistently upholding the constitution and this nation’s laws, they are providing the precedent necessary to allow individuals that wish to become more knowledgeable to be able to differentiate between the mystical unicorn and the horse that is actually in front of them.
References
Ziegler, M. (2019). Choice at work: Young v. United States Parcel Service, pregnancy discrimination, and Reproductive Liberty. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2524142

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• please use credible sources, and do not use wikipedia or blogs as sources.

How important is the protection of property rights to the effort to promote strong, prosperous businesses? To what extent should governments restrict property rights to protect other important rights?
Paper Requirement:
• The paper should be in 12-point font, Times New Roman.
• Include bold headers before paragraphs that introduce new topics.
• Include a list of any outside sources used in APA format.
• Please use credible sources, and do not use Wikipedia or Blogs as sources.
• Look for URLs ending in “.edu” and “.gov.”
• The uploaded textbook, Chapters eight and nine of The Legal and Ethical Environment of Business (Lau and Johnson), can pave the ground for legal terminology and a general understanding of the subject. Please feel free to use it as one of the credible sources, and for additional information, please do further research.

Categories
Law

For one reason that “section 504 of the rehabilitation act of 1973 is a national law that protects qualified individuals from discrimination based on their disability.

No, I do not agree with the ruling of this case. For one reason that “Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a national law that protects qualified individuals from discrimination based on their disability. The nondiscrimination requirements of the law apply to employers and organizations that receive financial assistance from any Federal department or agency, including the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). These organizations and employers include many hospitals, nursing homes, mental health centers and human service programs. Section 504 forbids organizations and employers from excluding or denying individuals with disabilities an equal opportunity to receive program benefits and services. It defines the rights of individuals with disabilities to participate in, and have access to, program benefits and services.” In 2008 the ADA Amendments Act Sec. 4 which states that diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis, or hepatitis B, will be protected under the 504 Rehabilitation Act.
If it is shown that Arline could perform some other function in the school system besides teaching, and contact with others was not as prevalent as in the classroom, would you allow her to stay on? Discuss. I would consider the situation but not take it to the extreme that the school board did. First, I would make sure my employee is ok, then I would request that they take some time, so that they can get it under control. But always you want to put things in writing not to humiliate them but only to protect yourself from future lawsuits. They allow people with AIDS & HIV to work, so why denied someone with tuberculosis to work, they should afford the same opportunity. Do you think there is adequate protection of both the employee and the public in this case? What should the courts do to diminish discrimination against the disabled built upon myth and misconceptions? I do not think there is adequate protection for the public and the employees in this case. The court should arrange pass judgments that will be able to highlight the issue and taking drastic step by employers will be discouraged.

Get the Facts About Tuberculosis Disease [Pamphlet]. (2008). Rutgers, New Jersey: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Woods, R. (n.d.). Overview of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 [Letter to Employees of Georgia School System]. Georgia Department of Education, Atlanta, Georgia.
Section 504, Rehabilitation Act of 1973. (2008). Retrieved September 26, 2022, from https://www.dol.gov/agencies/oasam/centers-offices/civil-rights-center/statutes/section-504-rehabilitation-act-of-1973

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If you look at the apple supplier responsibility report for 2010 there is only glancing reference to the ilo but the 2020 report cites the ilo and its laws in much greater detail.

Please check the attached documents. I have already written this assignment, but have been asked to resubmit it as it didn’t meet the passing criteria. Here is also comments that I received from my teacher:
Thanks for your submission. May I politely suggest you listen to my audio feedback, then read this written feedback, and you’ll see how the rubric criteria have worked out. You are allowed one reattempt, and that can only receive a maximum of 50% if it is successful.
You were asked to read the case study about Apple and its suppliers and in no more than 2,000 words answer these questions:
Compare and contrast the legal and ethical considerations of the Apple/Foxconn crisis. How were these reconciled?
RESULTS: Unfortunately this answer is rather too blunt for academic writing and needs more explanation. What we’re looking for is a more detailed explanation of how the relevant laws and treaties apply and have changed.
Do you think Apple is responsible for the alleged human rights violations? Why and how does the law apply?
RESULTS: Unfortunately this section lacks sufficient discussion of the relevant laws and treaties. Remember this is a unit called “legal frameworks”.
Is it reasonable for Apple to apply different ethical and legal standards in different countries?
RESULTS: This section includes several statements such as “companies must apply the same level of ethical and legal standards”, and “companies have a duty of care” … but this unit is intended to give you the information and skills to say *why* they must (what compels them) and *why* they have a duty of care (what happens if they don’t).
OVERALL RESULTS: It would have improved your assignment to have included some material from content readings such as Mugarura, N. (2017). “The interaction of public and private international law in regulation of markets”. International Journal Of Law & Management, 59(6), 1236-1256, which notes that “public and private international law encompass norms evolved by multilateral treaties, customs, judicial decisions, model laws and soft law instruments by different oversight bodies governing states and other stakeholders in their relationship with each other”. This would have prompted you to examine multilaterial treaties and judicial decisions in your assignment. These are designed to encourage a level playing field (https://www.oecd.org/trade/topics/levelling-the-playing-field/). You could also have gone an extra step and included content and references from Apple’s latest CSR statements which include references to ILO provisions, found here: https://www.apple.com/au/supplier-responsibility/ and here https://www.apple.com/au/supplier-responsibility/pdf/Apple_SR_2020_Progress_Report.pdf
If you look at the Apple supplier responsibility report for 2010 there is only glancing reference to the ILO but the 2020 report cites the ILO and its laws in much greater detail. Question is … what’s changed in the meantime and why? This would be argued by referring to what the ILO held then and what Apple adopted, then and now.
I have also included some notes on your text to consider for your next assignment. Spelling, grammar and presentation are very important … using headings to identify sections helps both you and us academics to follow your train of thought. Also, including a cover sheet with your name on it is very helpful … it introduces you to me before I read your assignment.

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Comm law 1st amend topic = trademark/copyright = trademark “famous marks” have a secondary level of protection in trademark law.

The ultimate objective is to write a narrowly focused research paper about a First Amendment Topic. THIS PAPER WILL BE THE PROPOSAL/PROSPECTUS which should be single-spaced/double-spaced between paragraphs, in 12-point Times New Roman or Cambria and in Microsoft Word format. A sample of the prospectus format and materials to be included is attached.
The research paper prospectus will cover the Topic noted above and below.
Comm Law 1st Amend Topic = Trademark/Copyright = Trademark “Famous marks” have a secondary level of protection in trademark law. Owners can sue to prevent dilution or blurring even where there is no confusion in the marketplace with regard to origination of the goods and services. How do courts determine “fame”?
Research must focus on primary sources, which are:
Court opinions from the reporter system.
Law journal and law review articles for opinions of legal experts.
Mass communication journals for opinions of media experts.
(Most websites are not primary sources.)
Sources that will be used for the research paper need to be listed at the end of the prospectus – see sample prospectus attached for reference.
(After this proposal/prospectus is approved, will need a 10-12 page research paper written based on the information gathered and presented.)

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If you need more pages let me know

Hi pls look at the files to complete this assignment as it is a big one. Originally this was suppose to be a mock trial but now I need to put it all in writing look below.
I need you to put in writing, all your submissions answering the questions and also what should have said orally, transcribed in writing, from both sides and the mediator side.
file 1 is an Mediation Script – Introducing a Mediation Session
file 2 is my rubric for the assignment. remember this was suppose to be a mock trial but now its just a writing assignment.
file 3 and 4 are the scenarios that need to completed with the questions
if you need more pages let me know